Researchers have developed a three-dimensional copy of the human vertebrae, which function like a real bone to help spinal surgery before they begin operations on patients.
The project is headed by Nottingham Trent University, it aims to give the trainee surgeons' tactical knowledge "on how to partially remove the vertebrae and perform other operations on them before the operated patients. Models that are created using the powder print technology, which allows to achieve a realistic porosity of this bones are rigid outer layers and a softer center.
"Those carrying out the delicate and precise procedures, such as spinal surgery, should have sufficient knowledge and experience in the surgical preparation, - says Professor Philip delirium. - One mistake will lead to disastrous consequences for the patient and completely change his life, so it is important that surgeons could prepare carefully. This research will allow doctors to practice surgery in a safe learning environment. "
The project was conducted in collaboration with Professor Bronek Bozzhikom, surgeon. Models vertebrae intended for surgeons who intend to carry out operations such as laminectomy and removal of bone tissue. Individual models may be created from CT data to provide accurate images with complex conditions such as scoliosis.
"This new project for the development of spinal models allows us to see and understand what it looks like and operates a real bone. These models will help surgeons to practice complex operations in a training environment and allow clinicians to be more confident in front of these operations on the spine "- explains Professor Bozzhik.
Models made from polylactic acid, a binder and coated polyester. The softer inner portion is made of polyurethane. The discs between the vertebrae are made of silicone.
The next step in research is to print copies of the bones to give an idea of the surgeons work with patients with conditions such as osteoporosis. Scientists hope that the technology will be used in educational institutions in the next few years.
The technology developed by a student of Joseph Meeks, who is engaged in the manufacture of medical devices.
"Before, surgeons are beginning to comply with these operations, they have few practical skills. The study gives counselors realistic picture of the surgery of the spine and allows them to learn in a safe and relaxed environment. Through this experience, we will be able to improve the skills as a surgeon in the learning process, and the results of operations for patients in real life ", - says 27-year-old mix.