Significantly more cases of cancer at an early stage can now be determined during primary care. Partly based on the symptoms and statistics on visits to patients at medical centers of studies indicate Salgrenskogo Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
"When patients were more likely to seek medical help, it can be a sign that something is wrong, even if the symptoms may initially be interpreted as non-hazardous", - says Dr. Marcela Ewing Institute of Medicine and a specialist in general medicine and Oncology.
Her thesis is based on the information on 4500 adult patients who applied for primary health care in the Västra Götaland region of Sweden in 2010-2011, and he was diagnosed with one of the most common forms of cancer. People were compared by sex and age in the same medical centers that have found no cancer.
Most patients treated for primary health care with a variety of complaints a year before they got the diagnosis of cancer, but half of them before the start of the diagnosis to the medical center took four or more visits to the doctor. A significant number of symptoms with which these patients asked for help, have been linked to cancer, were presented already in the first two consultations.
"Cancer diagnosis is difficult, and it is very unusual for the daily work of the general practitioner. A year later, the general practitioner can diagnose only four or five cases. But you can improve care and often ask themselves: could be cancer, if the patient is returned many times ", - says Marcela Ewing.
The study was focused on seven common forms of cancer; breast cancer , gynecological cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, malignant melanoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. Last particularly colorectal cancer, classified separately in relation to the symptoms and predictability.
Patients who sought treatment for bleeding with diarrhea, constipation, intestinal change behavior habits or abdominal pain amounted group which is most strongly associated with early stage cancer.
"Value one symptom often negligible. If you are looking for a primary care with bleeding intestines, the risk is about 4 percent, that it is cancer, and 96 percent - hemorrhoids or something else that is treatable. It is important to a combination of symptoms, even if they do not appear in the same time. If we can detect cancer at an early stage, patients have a better prognosis and require less resources ", - says Marcela Ewing.