Breast cancer is extremely rare in teens. So rare that most organizations do not keep statistics of the disease in this age group. (On how to spend the current treatment of breast cancer in Israel ).
However, during puberty changes that occur in the mammary glands, can lead to cancer. To prevent the disease, it is necessary to carefully monitor their health and consult your doctor if any unknown changes.
Teens need to know that the changes of the mammary glands are not something to be afraid of something and it is unlikely the majority of them mean breast cancer.
Breast cancer in adolescence
In this age group, it is practically impossible to meet this condition. The disease can not be diagnosed or deleted only on the basis of symptoms. As a teenager, he is rare, there are no reliable statistics on survival rates.
As it happens in young women?
Young women face a much lower risk of breast cancer, and it is rare in adolescents. Changes that occur during puberty, can scare any young girl. Some may worry about the appearance of breast cancer.
Early breast development often begins as a lump under the nipple, causing anxiety in adolescents. These breast lumps are sensitive, causing unnecessary anxiety. Parents and doctors should reassure adolescents relative to normal breast growth, as its development of new girls and it can be quite nerve-wracking.
Though it is rare, but the teenager developing breast cancer. Here you can read how to conduct effective treatment of breast cancer in Israel . Breast cancer, like all cancers, occurs when normal cells begin to grow without control and shares. Over time, this increase constitutes a tumor that damages healthy tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
In 12 percent of women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. However, a significant risk factor for developing cancer is aging. Genetic and cellular changes over time, increasing the likelihood of an unusual cell growth in the breast. Thus, young women face much less risk.
Young women who develop breast cancer more often aggressive, fast-growing tumors. In addition, girls are not longer go to the doctor, and this means that the outlook for them is much worse than for older women with this disease.
Poor diet during adolescence, early adulthood increases the risk of breast cancer.
How common is breast cancer in adolescents?
Even in young adult women the chances of developing breast cancer are low. Less than 5 percent of cases occur in women under the age of 40 years. In 30 years, the risk of developing cancer is 0.44 per cent. Currently, in every age group under 30 years old there is less than 25 cases of breast cancer in women. Among adolescents, this figure is close to zero.
These statistics indicate that the breast problem probably related to other causes, and it is often associated with normal development.
Other reasons why a teenager develops a tumor in the breast include:
- Fibroadenoma - a benign tumor of the glands. Usually, women 20 to 30 years, these harden not turn into cancer. They have clear boundaries and sizes from small to several inches. They are associated with a small increased risk of breast cancer.
- Phyllodes - are tumors that grow quickly, but they are almost always benign. They are rare, but in 10 percent of cases, they can spread to other parts of the body. These growths be removed easily.
- Cysts - small shoots in the breast tissue, similar to pimples under the skin. Some women have fibrocystic breast breast, which means that they contain a lot of cysts. Adolescents with fibrocystic breasts should seek medical advice.
Types of breast cancer:
Similarly, older women, adolescents with breast cancer can have many different types of diseases. The most common are:
- Local means that the cancer is only in the chest. These cancers are easier to treat and less likely that they are deadly. Common types of local cancers are ductal carcinomas and lobular carcinomas. Channel carcinoma - invasive cancer, sometimes called precancerous condition or stage breast 0. lobular carcinoma growing in the mammary ducts, and usually does not extend.
- Invasive breast cancer - a cancer that has spread, potentially affecting the lungs, brain, liver and other vital organs. He is deadly, especially if it does not immediately detect and begin to heal. There are invasive tumor lobular carcinoma and ductal carcinoma.
- Inflammatory breast cancer, cause swelling or redness.
- Paget's disease - Cancer nipple which extends from the breast to the nipple and areola angiosarcoma or cancers that begin in the blood or lymphatic vessels and spread to the chest.
- Phyllodes tumor, which turn into cancer
The annual survey of breast and trusting relationship with the doctor are necessary components for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Even teens who have more symptoms, should be aware that they are likely to be associated with the development of the organism. About 90 percent of infants lumps are not linked to cancer. Cancer tumors tend to be rigid, with indistinct borders, not moving.
Common symptoms of breast cancer include:
- swollen lymph nodes under the arm or in the neck;
- unexplained size changes, shape or symmetry of the breasts;
- changes in the skin of the breast or nipple;
- discharge from the nipple that is not related to menstruation, pregnancy or breast feeding;
- chest that looks red or swollen;
- wrinkled skin or patching the chest;
- itchy, scaly rash on the chest.
People with multiple factors of risk of breast cancer may be more vulnerable. These risk factors include:
- mutation in the genes BRCA1 or BRCA2;
- I have several relatives who have had breast cancer or ovarian cancer;
- not being active or are obese or overweight
- taking estrogen therapy or hormonal contraceptives;
The survival rate of young people with breast cancer
In breast cancer survival rate is high if treatment is started in time. This is especially true of non-invasive breast cancers that have not spread to other parts of the body. Treatment often includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery or a combination of treatments.
Breast self-examination for the presence of lumps and other changes can help women detect early signs of cancer. Even more important than looking for specific changes - is to know how breasts feel normally. Changing the shape or texture of a new clot or other significant changes can signal a problem, including cancer.
Women should have regular breast examination by your doctor. Those who are at high risk of breast cancer may need annual mammograms, although teenagers almost never fall into this category. Delayed treatment will reduce the chances of survival, as it will allow the cancer to spread.
Thoughts of breast cancer can be scary, especially for girls, when breasts are developing. Nevertheless, the majority of teens there is no reason to worry about it. Instead of being nervous, the best strategy is to adopt a healthy lifestyle, which will help protect against breast cancer in the future.
The doctor can help girls and young women to identify individual risks, and help them understand the unusual breast symptoms.