About half of all men with BPH experience symptoms beforehand. The condition can cause serious complications, including kidney failure.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) affects more than 50% of men over age 60 and more than 80% of those older than 80 years.
What is BPH?
If the urine can not pass from the body due to BPH, kidney failure may occur. Benign prostatic hyperplasia refers to an enlarged prostate, which is not caused by cancer.
The prostate gland is a walnut-sized, located between the bladder and penis. The urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis, passes through the middle of the prostate.
The prostate is responsible for the production of alkaline fluid that protects the sperm after ejaculation. This iron doubles during puberty and growing into adulthood, but much slower. If the prostate becomes too large, it can press on the urethra and prevent urine flow.
What is renal failure?
Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys can no longer remove waste from the bloodstream.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia may impede the flow of urine, and this can contribute to renal failure.
Other causes of kidney failure include:
- Autoimmune conditions.
- Side effects of some medications.
- High blood pressure.
- Severe dehydration.
- kidney injury.
There are five stages of kidney failure. Man with a final-stage renal disease requires continuous dialysis or transplantation. Dialysis involves an artificial blood filtering for waste disposal.
How can BPH cause kidney failure?
The urethra, which carries urine out of the body, passes through the prostate. When the prostate increases due to BPH, it may compress the urethra and prevent urine flow. When urine can not be removed from the body, kidney failure may occur.
Enlarged prostate can cause:
- Difficulty urinating.
- Low urine flow.
- Inability to completely empty the bladder.
- Inability to pass any urine.
- Other conditions that may affect the flow of urine, include:
- Stones in the kidneys.
- Blood clots.
- Prostate cancer.
BPH rarely causes renal failure. However, severe cases of BPH can cause other complications such as damage to the bladder infection and kidney damage. It is important to promptly report symptoms of urine doctor.
Signs and symptoms of BPH
Symptoms of BPH can include increased frequency of urination, stress urination and with the inability to urinate.
People with OAB tend to notice changes in their urinary habits. They often complain to wake up several times during the night to urinate. This symptom is called nocturia.
Other symptoms of BPH include:
- Urgency of urination.
- The increased frequency of urination.
- A feeling that the bladder is always full.
- A weak flow of urine.
- Voltage when urinating.
- Inability to urinate.
- Difficulty beginning urination.
- Dribbling of urine.
Some may have additional signs and symptoms, such as:
- Blood in the urine.
- urinary tract infection.
- Complete inability to urinate, which requires a catheter.
Symptoms range from mild to severe, and the severity of the symptoms can not be related to prostate size. BPH symptoms worsen over time, but they may stabilize or even improve.
Signs and symptoms of renal failure, benign prostatic hyperplasia
When BPH is responsible for kidney failure, people will experience some bladder symptoms described above. They may notice some of the following signs of renal failure:
- chest pain;
- edema of the ankles, legs and feet;
- inconsistent breathing;
- decreased urine output.
In the later stages of kidney failure symptoms can be life-threatening. These include:
Some people with the signs and symptoms of BPH may instead be another disease:
- urinary tract infection;
- bladder or kidney stones;
- prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate;
- narrowing of the urethra, which is called urethral stricture;
- scars in the bladder due to surgery;
- nerve problems in the bladder;
- prostate cancer;
- cancer of the bladder.
The only way to be sure of the diagnosis - is to consult a doctor.
When should you see a doctor
When the urinary habits are changing, a person should seek medical care. The doctor can check the size of the prostate through the rectum. A person who can not urinate, or who sees blood in the urine, should seek emergency medical care. People diagnosed with BPH should be screened regularly. Control the size of the prostate and new symptoms will help reduce the risk of complications.
To prevent damage to the kidneys, people with BPH have to follow the treatment plan developed by their physician. It may include medication and lifestyle changes. Severe cases of BPH can be treated with minimally invasive or open surgery. Elimination of BPH symptoms early will improve a person's quality of life and prevent kidney failure. It is important to regularly check the size of the prostate and to report any new symptoms with your doctor.
Lifestyle changes such as limiting alcohol, can help in the treatment of minor symptoms. for BPH medications can relax the muscles and prevent the production of hormones that cause prostate growth.
If the drugs do not work, your doctor may recommend to remove the portion of the prostate by surgical or laser therapy. Treatment is not always necessary, especially when there are no symptoms or when they are weak.
Minor symptoms can be treated with lifestyle changes, including exercise of the bladder and limit the consumption of caffeine and alcohol. The choice of treatment will depend on the person's health, symptoms and prostate size.
When a person has renal failure, for the treatment of complications of other treatments are necessary, such as high blood pressure and fluid retention. In individuals with renal insufficiency final stage will require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
Most people with BPH do not develop renal failure, especially if they quickly report symptoms. BPH Symptoms usually improve with treatment. A person may need to take medication continuously or receive repeated treatments to prevent the onset of symptoms or deterioration.
For people with renal failure treatment is focused on slowing of renal damage. In the final stages of the disease a person will require regular dialysis or kidney transplantation.