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Causes and treatment of white spots on the eyeball

October 15, 2018 13:28

There are only a few reasons why white spots on the eye, and most of them can be treated easily. The most common causes are pingekuly and corneal ulcers. White spots on the eyeball can vary in severity. Some may be hardly noticeable, while others can cause great discomfort. Eye problems of any kind can cause long-term damage to eyesight. Even if the discomfort is minimal, always consult a doctor if there is a white spot on the eye.

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The reasons

Conditions that can cause the appearance of white spots on the eye include:

  • corneal ulcer;
  • pingekuly;
  • crayfish.

corneal ulcer

Corneal ulcers can lead to permanent damage to vision. They can also lead to blindness if left untreated. Ulcers occur when the cornea is damaged.

Causes damage may include:

  • Got a foreign object.
  • Burns.
  • Problems with contact lenses.
  • Severe scratches from a foreign object.

Germs that can cause infection in the cornea include:

  • Bacteria.
  • Fusarium fungus.
  • Acanthamoeba parasite.
  • Herpes simplex virus.

Other conditions that can cause corneal ulcers.

  • Ocular allergies, including allergies to cosmetics or air allergens.
  • Immune system disorders such as multiple sclerosis.
  • Inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis.

Pingekuly

Pingekuly - another common cause of white spots on the eye. They can occur when the eyes:

  • Exposed to ultraviolet rays.
  • Dust or sand.
  • Dryness.
  • Contact lenses.

Pingutsekulnye spots are white or yellow and are composed of fat or protein deposits. They appear on the conjunctiva, which is a transparent cover the white part of the eyeball. These spots usually have irregular shapes and are generally formed in the eye, close to the nose.

Crayfish

Cancer can also be formed on the eyeball. These include:

Ocular cancer is known to be relatively rare. Some types of cancer are environmental causes such as exposure to the sun. In other cases, they can occur due to human genetics.

related symptoms

Ulcers of the cornea, or ocular pingvikula cancer may have some common symptoms such as:

  • Irritation of the eyeball.
  • Redness in and around the eye.
  • Blurred vision.

Each reason also has some unique symptoms.

Symptoms of corneal ulcers:

  • Excessive production of tears.
  • Photosensitivity.
  • Strong pain.
  • Swelling of the eyelids.
  • Blurred vision.

Symptoms pingvikuly:

Although pingvikuly can occur without any other symptoms, they may be accompanied by:

  • The appearance of extra blood vessels.
  • Burning.
  • Itchy.
  • Burning.

Ocular symptoms of cancer:

Eye cancers initially appear insignificant. eye test should raise any signs of eye cancer, including:

  • A bulge in one eye.
  • The dark spot that grows with time.
  • Lump on the eyeball, which is growing.
  • Visual disturbances such as light, shadow.

Diagnostics

eye exam can help diagnose the cause of white spots.

The doctor will examine the eye and ask about any recent injuries. They can also carry out an examination on the slit lamp. To diagnose an ophthalmologist or optometrist introduces dye eye, called fluorescein, they were examined using a special microscope.

If the eye doctor suspects an infection, they can take a small amount of tissue for analysis. This is called a biopsy.

A doctor can diagnose cancer of the eye with the following tests:

  • Biopsy.
  • Fluorescein angiogram using a dye to help take pictures of suspicious cancers.
  • Ultrasonic scanning.

Treatment

Treatment of corneal ulcers

The physician will remove foreign bodies from the eye, and then process the damage. A person should not wear contact lenses during treatment and recovery, even if they are not the cause of corneal ulcers. Eye drops are one of the most common methods of treatment of corneal ulcers. Range of eye drops comprising:

  • Antifungal.
  • Antibacterial.
  • Antiviral.

Medicines for the treatment of pain are available in the form of eye drops and pills.

Once the infection clears, people can use steroid eye drops for the treatment of any formed scarring. However, steroids may worsen the situation if they are used to not cured infection. If severe corneal damage, doctors may replace part or all of the cornea new donor cornea.

pingekuly treatment

If pingekula affects a person's vision or causes serious discomfort, you may need surgery to remove them. Laser treatment is becoming more common.

Eye Cancer Treatment

eye cancer treatment depends on the type and stage of the tumor. Methods of treatment include:

  • Brachytherapy, where the doctor places a radioactive metal plates near the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy using radiation beams to destroy cancer cells.
  • Surgery to remove the tumor.
  • Removal of the eye.

Forecast

The prospect of white spots on the eyes can vary greatly. Most likely, the white spot is a short-term condition. From the viewpoint of the treatment, after the diagnosis results are excellent.

Although the chances that the white spot, which is a cancer is small, the potential risks are high.

White spots on the eyes is usually easy to treat. Early diagnosis will help to limit the impact. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor if there are any signs of white spots on the eye.

Hygiene is always recommended and will help prevent a lot of problems with the eyes. Make eye protection from the sun, airborne particles and bacteria.

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323326.php

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