On March 1, 2017 Shanghai has extended the ban on smoking in public places. As the largest city in China, Shanghai is stepping up efforts to cut massive threat to public health, in spite of the conflicts of interest with the state tobacco industry.
According to the daily newspaper People's Daily and the China Association of fight against smoking, a quarter of the adult population (24 million people) suffer from addiction. In Shanghai in 2010, there was a limited ban on smoking in public places, but the law covered only a few areas, such as schools and libraries. The new law extends the restrictions on all public areas and some rooms outdoors.
In June 2015 Beijing Municipality adopted a strict law against smoking in the country, banning smoking in offices, restaurants, hotels and hospitals. In the southern city of Shenzhen the same rules introduced in 2014.
China has long said it plans to ban smoking across the country. In November, health officials Knan Mao stressed that measures will be taken by the end of the year. However, the measures that have been available for public comment in 2014, has not yet been put into effect.
Measures to combat smoking - a dilemma for China. Smoking creates a burden on the public health: according to a study conducted in 2015 and published in the medical journal The Lancet, one million deaths recorded in 2010. In this state tobacco industry provides a huge source of income for the government: according to recent data, 1.1 trillion yuan ($ 160 billion) in taxes and profits in 2015.
China's tobacco control is associated with officials of China National Tobacco Corporation, which has a monopoly and the largest cigarette manufacturer in the world. Bernhard Schwartlander, representative of the World Health Organization in China, said: "The tobacco economy has all but it slows down the progress regarding the smoking ban law. The tobacco industry in China, which is interested in the maintenance of an economy based on the production and use of tobacco affects the government authorities, which causes difficulties in matters of smoking restrictions. "