Redefining a given situation - a common strategy for management of emotions, but a new study suggests that its use in controlled situations, it may be associated with lower levels of well-being and health. The study was published in «Psychological Science», Journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
"The results refute the approach of" single method for each situation, "which would seem to be required for re-evaluation as emotion regulation strategy", - says Peter Koval of the Australian Catholic University.
Recent work on emotion management stressed that the flexibility in the use of strategies to regulate emotions is crucial to the healthy functioning. Koval and his research team studied how situational context plays a role in the relationship between the regulation of emotions and well-being in everyday life.
74 adults participated in the 7-day study, during which a smartphone issues periodically sent at random time intervals from 40 to 102 minutes from 10:00 to 22:00 daily. Participants were asked whether they were looking at things from a different point of view or opinion changed since the last issue. Also, they were asked to rate the emotions since the last request. For each question, answer chosen in the range from 0 (not at all) to 100 (all right).
Before the start of the 7-day study, participants assessed the level of depression, anxiety and stress, as well as social anxiety and self-esteem. The researchers found that the higher the level of depressed people tended to use the revaluation of values in response to a controlled situation.
Given that the project was measuring reassess the situation in daily life in one week, the results do not indicate whether or not it leads to an improvement in mental status.
When the situation changes, rethinking could undermine the adaptive function of emotions in motivating action, according to the study.
Koval and his colleagues conducted a study in which they track the regulation of emotions of participants in everyday life for 3 weeks. They plan to expand the work by exploring additional strategies of emotion regulation, contextual factors and health outcomes.
Based on materials medicalxpress.com