Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays (e.g., X) or particles (photons, electrons, protons) to kill cancer cells. Focusing on the tumor occurs outside.
If the tumor is very large or is in a region where the operation is difficult to perform, as a primary (main) method radiotherapy for basal cell carcinoma may be used. This also applies to cases where the patient's overall health does not allow access to surgery.
Irradiation can eliminate the small basal cell carcinoma, and can slow the growth of malignant cells at later stages of cancer. Radiation therapy is also useful in combination with other treatments.
In some cases, irradiation can be applied after surgery as an adjuvant (additional) therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells in the body. This reduces the risk of relapse after surgery. This type of therapy is prescribed for the treatment of skin cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes or other organs.
Radiation therapy of basal cell carcinoma in Israel is much like an X-ray procedure, but the radiation is more powerful and aimed at the tumor. The procedure itself is painless, lasts a few minutes, but the process of preparation for the exposure takes a considerable period of time.
Side effects of radiation therapy may include: skin irritation, redness, dryness and hair loss in the area where the treatment is carried out. Long-term therapy can amplify unwanted actions. A few years later there is a possibility of developing new tumors on the skin in areas that had previously been exposed to radiation. For this reason, exposure is usually not used for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma in young people. Radiation therapy is also not recommended for use for people with certain hereditary diseases (xeroderma pigmentosum) or connective tissue diseases (lupus, scleroderma), as it will worsen their course.